Powers and laws in the age of globalization

Т. Buksinski

Анотація


In the age of globalization the contradictory tendencies are present: (1) Power is becoming of largely independent of the power structures in individual states, yet it exerts an influence on states. Non-states entities are gaining more and more power and influence; (2) There is the increase of the role and importance of soft power and semi-hard power; (3) global laws arise in the process of autonomization of laws in relation to state. They are created largely independently of the will of states and imposed on states; (4) More and more non-state bodies are entitled to create the laws; (5)The contemporary world witnesses a growing status of the soft and semi-hard laws. They regulate the relations between states and institutions; (6) The large states ( superpowers) striving for hegemony in the world do not comply with international and global laws and they do it often with impunity; (7) Some small states and fundamentalist or nationalist movements engage in brutal wars and acts of crime, contrary to international and global laws; (8) The global laws due to their generality and vagueness are variously interpreted and often are used to justify the action of violence; (9) There is the need to make efforts to ensure the more precise elaboration of global laws and more rapid increase of the role of soft power in national and global spheres.

Ключові слова


globalization; soft power; semisoft power; international laws; global laws; states; non-states entities

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Посилання


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